Leading varieties usually found in American supermarkets include the following:Most North American pears are grown in Washington and Oregon (73% as of 2009). With more than a thousand hybrids, pear trees are easily crossbred but named varieties are typically grafted as they do not grow true from seed, much like squash.
Anjou: Also known as the Beurre variety, Anjous originated in France. Their skin is yellow-green or light green, and they have tender, juicy flesh that is less granular than other types.
Bartlett: Called the Williams Pear in England, this is a very popular variety that ripens to bright yellow from light green. There is also a Red Bartlett. Bartlett pears are delicious eaten out of hand and also are excellent when cooked.
Bosc: The Bosc is native to Belgium and has distinctive, thick, brown to yellow-brown, non-shiny russet skin. This pear has an obvious neck and distinctly crisp flesh. It is used in cooking and baking, as well as for eating raw.
Comice: These pears derive their name from the phrase, Doyenne du Comice, meaning, “top of the show,” as they are often celebrated as the best pear variety. Originating in France, they are now grown in North America and have yellow-green or russeted skin, ripening to pinkish-brown. The flesh is smooth, juicy, and a warm, creamy white.
Conference: These are English winter pears that have taupe skin with a long and slender shape. The variety was named for the award it received at the 1885 International Pear Conference.
Buying and Storing
Though pears are available year-round, their peak seasons are as follows:
Anjou, Conference, and Bosc: August through May
Bartlett: August through December
Comice: August to March
Growers pick pears once their sugar levels reach the correct point, but they may still be very firm and green as tree-ripened pears soften to the point of disintegrating. Fresh pears should feel solid and can be ripened at room temperature. Avoid excessively hard fruit. As with all fruit, watch for damaged skin and mushy brown spots, which indicate core spoilage. Tenderness near the stem can indicate ripe fruit. Allow pears to ripen before refrigerating, then move them to the refrigerator where they’ll last for a few more days.
Try these pear recipes, courtesy Marilee Reyes